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On The Front Lines

Virginia Police Agree to Settle Lawsuit After Carrying Out 'Welfare Check' on 58-Year-Old Man With a 2-Hour, Swat-Style Raid, Flash Grenade & Arrest

CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va. — Virginia police have agreed to settle a civil rights lawsuit that arose after a request to have police carry out a “welfare check” on a 58-year-old man resulted in a two-hour, SWAT team-style raid on the man’s truck, a wrongful arrest, and a 72-hour mental health hold. The lawsuit, brought by The Rutherford Institute on behalf of Benjamin Burruss, alleged that a heavily armed police tactical team confronted Burruss, surrounded his truck, deployed a “stinger” device behind the rear tires, launched a flash grenade, smashed the side window in order to drag him from the truck, handcuffed and searched him, and transported him to a local hospital for a psychiatric evaluation and mental health hold. Burruss alleged police had no legal basis or probable cause for detaining him and that they violated his rights under the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments and state law.

In April 2016, a federal judge gave The Rutherford Institute the go-ahead to proceed with the lawsuit. The case was dismissed following the settlement agreement. “Hopefully, this case results in the police not using Emergency Custody Orders to detain people who are not mentally ill, have not committed any crime, and just want to be left alone,” said Burruss.

The Rutherford Institute’s complaint in Burruss v. Rileyet al., is available at www.rutherford.org. Attorney Michael Winget-Hernandez assisted The Rutherford Institute in advancing the lawsuit.

“This is just one more example of how a relatively benign situation (a routine welfare check) gets escalated into something far more violent and dangerous through the use of militarized police, armed to the teeth and trained to react combatively,” said constitutional attorney John W. Whitehead, president of The Rutherford Institute and author of Battlefield America: The War on the American People. “The unnecessary use of force by police officers in response to a situation that should have—and could have—been handled non-confrontationally did not, in this instance, result in a loss of life, but that is small consolation to those who have learned to tread cautiously in their interactions with police.”

According to the complaint, on Nov. 21, 2013, Albemarle County police officers were asked to conduct a “welfare check” on Benjamin Burruss by his employer. Police confronted Burruss as he was leaving the Comfort Inn and preparing to leave for a hunting trip to Montana. Burruss informed officers that he was fine, had no plans to hurt anyone, and just needed time to think through things, hence the trip to Montana. For two hours, officers persisted in asking Burruss to exit his truck and speak with them, with Burruss continuing to reiterate that he had no intention of harming himself or others and just wanted to be left alone and allowed to go on his hunting trip. During this time, police deployed a “stinger” device behind Burruss’s truck. Police also surrounded Burruss’s truck with their squad cars, blocking his exit. The officer speaking with Burruss informed the other officers that they had no reason to hold Burruss because he had not threatened to harm anyone and he was not mentally ill. Nevertheless, a tactical team of heavily-armed police launched a flash grenade at Burruss’ truck, smashed the driver-side window, dragged Burruss out by his arms, handcuffed, searched and arrested him. Burruss was forced to undergo a psychiatric evaluation and locked up under a mental health hold. In coming to Burruss’ defense, Rutherford Institute attorneys argued that any reasonable officer should know that they cannot seize a person for an involuntary mental health evaluation unless they have some evidence that the person poses a danger to himself or others.


Case History

November 22, 2016 • Rutherford Institute Identifies Virginia Tactical Police Who Carried out 'Welfare Check' With a 2-Hour, SWAT-Style Raid, Grenade & Wrongful Arrest

June 30, 2016 • Rutherford Institute Asks Court Not to Grant Immunity to Police Who Carried out 'Welfare Check' With a 2-Hour, SWAT-Style Raid, Grenade & Wrongful Arrest

April 04, 2016 • Court Gives Green Light to Rutherford Institute Lawsuit Over 'Welfare Check' Carried out With a 2-Hour, SWAT-Style Raid, Flash Grenade, & Wrongful Arrest

April 14, 2016 • COURT: Rutherford Institute Rebuts Police Justifications for Carrying out a 'Welfare Check' With a 2-Hour, SWAT-Style Raid, Flash Grenade, & Wrongful Arrest

February 12, 2016 • Citing Qualified Immunity & 'Good Faith,' Virginia Police Justify Conducting 'Welfare Check' With 2-Hour, SWAT-Style Raid, Flash Grenade, Arrest & Detention

November 19, 2015 • Rutherford Institute Sues Virginia Police for Carrying out a 'Welfare Check' with a 2-Hour, SWAT Team-Style Raid, Flash Grenade, Wrongful Arrest & Detention

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